Before the offensive player (with the ball) becomes airborne, the defender must have two feet on the floor, be facing the opponent and be stationary to draw a charge. Otherwise it should be a blocking foul.It would be nice if the stripes paid attention to the rules.
Secondary defenders (help defenders) moving forward or to the side are also in violation, and these should be blocking fouls.
Contact that is “through the chest” is not de facto proof of a charge. The rule in its entirety must be considered before determining a foul.
In some cases, it appears that a defender is being rewarded solely for being outside the arc, without considering the other aspects of the rules.
I'll have a recap later.